PART I -Preliminary
1) Short title - These rules may be called the Seeds Rules, 1968
2) Definitions - In these rules, unless the contest otherwise requires.
- a. "Act" means the Seeds Act, 1966 (54 of 11966)
- b. "Advertisement" means a. representations other than those on the label, disseminated in any manner or by any means relating to seed for the purposes of the act;
- c. "Certification sample" means a sample of seed drawn by a certification agency or by a duly authorized representative of a certification agency established under section 3 or recognized under section 18 of the Act;
- d. "Certification tag" means a tag or label of certain design to be specified by the certification agency and shall constitute the certificate granted by the certification agency;
- e. "Certified seed" means seed that fulfills all requirements for certification provided by the Act and these rules and to the container of which the certification tag is attached.
- f. "Certified seed producer" means a person who grows or distributes certified seed in accordance with the procedure and standards of the certification agency;
- g. "Complete record" means the information which relates to the origin, variety, kind germination and purity of seed of any notified kind or variety offered for sale, sold or otherwise supplied:
- h. "Form" means a form appended to these rules:
- i. "Origin" means the State, Union, Territory or foreign country where the seed is grown and in case seeds of different origin are blended the label shall show the percentage of seed of each origin;
- j. "Processing" means cleaning, drying, treating, grading and other operations which would change the purity and germination of the seed and thus requiring re-testing to determine the quality of the seed, but does not include operations such as packaging and labeling"
- k. "Section" means a section of the Act'
- l. "Service sample" means a sample submitted to the Central Seed Laboratory or to a State Seed Laboratory for testing, the results to be used as information for seeding selling or labeling purposes;
- m. "Treated" means that the seed has been subjected to an applications of a substance or process in such a manner as to reduce, control or repel certain disease organisms, insects, or any other pests attacking such seeds or seedlings growing therefore and for other purposes.
PART II- Central Seed Committee
3) Functions of the Central Seed Committee: -
- In addition to thefunctions entrusted to the committee by the Act, the committee shall,
- a. Recommend the rate of fees to be levied for analysis of sample3s by the Central and States Seed Testing Laboratories and for certification by the certification agencies;
- b. Advice the Central or State Governments on the suitability of seed testing laboratories;
- c. Send its recommendations and other concerning records to the Central Government;
- d. Recommend the procedure and standards for certification, tests and analysis of seeds ; and
- e. Carry out such other functions as are supplemental, incidental or consequential to any of the functions conferred by the Act or these rules.
4) Traveling and daily allowances payable to Members of the Committee and its Sub-committees :-
The members of the committee and its sub-committee shall be entitled to draw traveling and daily allowances as specified below when they are called upon to attend a meeting of the committee or a sub-committee thereof:
- a. An official member of the committee or its sub-committee shall be entitle to draw traveling and daily allowances in accordance with the rules of the Government under which he is for the time being employed and from the same source from which his pay and allowances are drawn.
- b. A non official member shall be allowed traveling and daily allowances in accordance with the general orders issued in this behalf by the Central Government from time to time.
PART III - Central Seed Laboratory
5) Functions: - In addition to the functions entrusted to the /central Seed Laboratory by the Act, the Laboratory shall carry out the following functions, namely;
- a. Initiate testing programmes in collaboration with the State Seed Laboratories designed to promote uniformity in test results between all seed laboratories in India;
- b. Collect data continually on the quality of seeds found in the market and make this data available to the Committee; and
- c. Carry out such other functions as may be assigned to it by the Central Government from time to time.
PART IV- Seed Certification Agency
6) Functions of the certification agency :-
In addition to the functions entrusted to the certification agency by the Act, the Agency shall certified seeds of any notified kinds or varieties;
- a) Certify seeds of any notified kinds or variety;
- b) Outline the procedure of submission of applications and for growing, harvesting, processing, storage and labeling of seeds intended for certification till the end to ensure that seed lots finally approved for certification are true to variety and meet prescribed standards for certification under the Act or these rules;
- c) Maintain a list of recognized breeders of seeds;
- d) Verify, upon receipt of an application, for certification, that the variety is eligible for certification that the seed source need for planting was authenticated and the record of purchase is in accordance with these rules and the fees has been paid;
- e) Take sample and inspect seed lots produced under the procedures laid down by the certification agency and have such samples tested to ensure that the seed conforms to the prescribed standards of certification;
- f) Inspect seed processing plants to see that the admixtures of other kinds and varieties are not introduced.
- g) Ensure that action at all stages e.g. field inspection, seed processing, plant inspection, analysis of samples taken and issue of certificates (including tags, marks, labels and seals) is taken expeditiously;
- h) Carry out educational programmes designed to promote the use of certified seed including a publication listing certified seed growers and sources of certified seed;
- i) Grant certificate (including tags, marks, labels and seals etc.) in accordance with the provisions of the Act and these Rules;
- j) Maintain such records as may be necessary to verify that seed plants for the production of certified seed were eligible for such planting under these rules;
- k) Inspect fields to ensure that the minimum standards for isolation, rouging (where applicable) use of male sterility (where applicable) and similar factors are maintained at all times, as well as ensure that seed borne diseases are not present in the field to a greater than those provided in the standards for certification.
PART V - Marking or labeling
7) Responsibility for marking or labeling :-
When seed of a notified kind or variety is offered for sale under section 7 each container shall be marked or labeled in the manner hereinafter specified. The person whose name appears on the mark or label shall be responsible for the accuracy of the information required to appear on the mark or label so long as seed is contained in the unopened original container:
Provided, however, that such person shall not be responsible for the accuracy of the statement appearing on the mark or label if the seed is removed from the original unopened container, or he shall not be responsible for the accuracy of the germination statement beyond the date of validity indicated on the mark or label.
8) Contents of the mark or label :-
There shall be specified on every mark or label
- i. Particulars, as specified by the Central Government under Clause (b) of section 6 of the act.
- ii. A correct statement of the net content in terms of weight and expressed in metric system.
- iii. Date of testing.
- iv. If the seed in container has been treated.
- a) Statement indicating that the seed has been treated.
- b) The commonly accepted chemical of abbreviated chemical (generic) name of the applied substance; and
- c) If the substance of the chemical used for treatment, and present with the seed is harmful to human beings or other vertebrate animals, a caution statement such as "Do not use for food, feed or oil purposes". The caution for mercurial and similarly toxic substance shall be the word "Poison" which shall be in type size, prominently displayed on the label in red.
- v. The name and address of the person who offers for sale, sells or otherwise supplies the seed and who is responsible for its quality;
- vi. The name of the seed as notified under section 5 of the act.
9) Manner of marking or labeling the container under clause (c) of section 7 and clause (b) of section 17 :-
- 1) The mark or label containing the particulars of the seed as specified under clause ( b) of section 6 shall appear on each container of seed or on a tag or mark or label attached to the container in a conspicuous place on the inner most container in which the seed is packed and on every other covering in which that container is packed and shall be legible.
- 2) Any transparent cover or any wrapper, case or other covering used solely for the purpose of packing of transport or delivery need not be marked or labeled.
- 3) Where by a provision of these rules, any particulars are required to be displayed on a label on the container, such particulars may, instead of being displayed on a label be attached, painted or otherwise indelibly marked on the container.
10) Mark or label not to contain false or misleading statement :-
The mark or label shall not contain any statement, claim, design, device, fancy name or abbreviation which is false or misleading in any particular concerning the seed contained in the container.
11) Mark or label not to contain reference to the act or rules contradictory to required particulars:-
The mark or label shall not contain any reference to the Act, or any of these rules or any comment on, or reference to, or explanation of any particulars or declaration required by the Act or any of these rules which directly or by implication contradicts, qualifies or modifies such particulars or declaration.
12) Denial of responsibility for mark or label content prohibited:-
Nothing shall appear on the mark or label or in any advertisement pertaining to any seed of any notified kind or variety which shall deny responsibility for the statement required by or under the Act to appear on such mark, label or advertisement.
PART VI- Requirements
13) Requirementstobecomplied with by a person carrying on the business referred to in section 7:-
- 1) No person shall sell, keep for sale, offer to sell barter or otherwise supply any seed of any notified kind or variety, after the date recorded on the container, mark or label as the date up to which the seed may be expected to retain the germination not less than that prescribed under clause ( a) of section 6 of the Act.
- 2) No person shall alter, obliterate or deface any mark or label attached to the container of any seed.
- 3) Every person selling, keeping for sale, offering to sell, bartering or otherwise supplying any seed of notified kind or variety under Section 7, shall keep over a period of three years a complete record of each lots of seed sold except that any seed sample may be discarded one year after the entire lot represented by such sample has been disposed off. The sample of seed kept as part of the complete record shall be as large as the size notified in the official Gazette. This sample, if required to be tested, shall be tested only for determining the purity.
14) Classes and sources of certified seed :-
(1) There shallbe three classes of certified seed, namely, foundation, registered and certified, and each class shall meet the following standards for that class.
- Foundation seed shall be the progeny of breeder's seed, or be produced from foundation seed which can be clearly traced to breeder's seed Production shall be supervised and approved by a seed certification agency and be so handled as to maintain specific genetic purity and identity and shall be required to meet certification standards for the crop being certified.
- Registered seed shall be the progeny of foundation seed that is so handled as to maintain its genetic identity and purity according to standard specified for the particular crop being certified.
- Certified seed shall be the progeny of registered or foundation seed that is so handled as to maintain genetic identity and purity according to standards specified for the particular crop being certified.
- (2) At the discretion of the certification agency (when considered necessary to maintain adequate seed supplies ) certified seed may be progeny of certified seed provided this reproduction may not exceed three generations and provided further that it is determined by the seed certification agency that the genetic purity will not be significantly altered.
PART VII - Certification of Seeds
15) Application for the grant of a certificate :-
Every application for the grant of a certificate under Sub-section (1) of section 9 shall be made in Form in accordance with the procedure outlined by the certification agency for submission of applications and contain the following particulars, namely :
- the name, profession and place of residence of the applicant;
- the name of the seed to be certified, its notified kind or variety;
- class of the seed;
- source of the seed;
- limits of germination and purity of the seed;
- mark or label of the seed
16) Fees: -
Every application under sub-section (1) of the section 9 shall be accompanied by a fee of Rs,25 in cash.
17) Certificate: -
Every certificate granted under Sub Section 3) of sections 9 shall be in Form II and shall be granted by the certifications agency after making enquiries and satisfying it self in accordance with the provisions of the said sub section of the following conditions for the period to the specified by the certification agency namely
The Certification agency shall, before granting the certificate, ensure that the Seed conforms to the standards laid down in the Manual known as "Indian Minimum Seed Certification Standards" published by the Central Seed Committee, as amended from time to time". (Amendment No.18-48/81-SD, dated 10th June, 1981).
PART VIII- APPEALS
18) The form and manner in which and the fee on payment of which the Appeal may be preferred:-
- Every memorandum of appeal under sub-section (1) of section 11 shall be in writing and shall be accompanied by a copy of the decision of the certification agency against which it has been preferred and shall set forth concisely and under distinct heads the grounds of objections to such decision without any argument, or narrative.
- Every such memorandum of Appeal shall be accompanied by a treasure receipt forsum of 100/-rupees.
- Every such memorandum of appeal may be presented either in person or through an agent duly authorized in writing in this behalf by the appellant or may be sent by the registered post.
19) Procedure to be followed by the appellate authority:-
In deciding appeals under the Act the Appellate authority shall exercise all the powers which a Court has and shall follow the same procedure with a Court follows in deciding appeals from the decree or order of an original Court under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (5 of 1908).
PART IX - Seed Analysts and Seed Inspectors
20) Qualifications of Seed Analysts: -
A person shall not be qualified for appointment as Seed Analyst unless he.
- Possesses a Master's or equivalent degree in Agriculture or Agronomy or Botany or Horticulture of a University recognized for this purpose by the Government and has had not less than one year's experience in seed technology; or
- Possessed a Bachelor's degree in Agriculture or Botany of a University recognized for this purpose by the Government and has had not less than three year's experience in seed technology.
21) Duties of a seed analyst:-
- 1. On receipt of a sample for a analysis the Seed Analyst shall first ascertain that the mark and the seal or fastening as provided in clause (b) of the sub-section (1) of section 15 are intact and shall not the condition of the seals thereon.
- 2. The Seed analyst shall analyze the samples in accordance with the procedures laid down in the Seed Testing Manual published by the Indian Council of Agriculture Research as amended from time to time. (Amendment No.7(17)/69-Seeds-Dev., dated 30-6-1973)
- 3. The Seed Analyst shall deliver in Form VII, a copy of report report of the result of the analysis to the persons specified in sub-section (1) of section 16, as soon as ,may be but not later than 30 days from the date of receipt of samples sent by the Seed Inspector under Sub-Section (2) of the Section 15.(Amendment No.7(17)/69-Seeds-Dev., dated 30-6-1973)
- 4. The Seed Analyst shall from time to time forward to the State Government the reports giving the result of analytical work done by him.
22) Qualification of Seed Inspectors:-
A person shall not be qualified for appointment as Seed Inspector unless he is a graduate in Agriculture of a University recognized for the purpose by the Government and has had not less than one year's experience in seed production, or seed development in seed analysis or testing in seed testing laboratory.
23) Duties of a Seed Inspector: -
In addition to the duties specified by the Act, the Seed Inspector shall
- a. Inspect as frequently as may be required by certification agency all places used for growing storage or sale of any seed of any notified kind or variety;
- b. Satisfy himself that the conditions of the certificates are being observed;
- c. Procedure and send for analysis, if necessary, samples of any seeds, which he has reason to suspect are being produced, stocked or sold or exhibited for sale on contravention of the provisions of the Act or these rules;
- d. Investigate any complaint, which may be made to him in writing in respect of any contravention of the provisions of the Act or these rules.
- e. Maintain a record of all inspections made and action taken by him in the performance of his duties including the taking of samples and the seizure of stocks and submit copies of such record to the Director of Agriculture or the certification agency as may be directed in this behalf.
- f. When so authorized by the State Government detain imported containers which he has reason to suspect contain seeds, import of which is prohibited except and in accordance with the provisions of the Act or these rules.
- g. Institute prosecutions in respect of breaches of the Act or these rules.
- h. Perform such other duties as may be entrusted to him by the State Government (Amendment No.7(17)/69-Seeds-Dev., dated 30-6-1973)
Action to be taken by the Seed Inspector if a complaint is lodged with him -
- (1) If farmer has lodged a complaint in writing that the failure of the crop is due to the defective quality of seeds of any notified kind or variety supplied to him, the Seed Inspector shall take in his possession the marks or labels, the seed containers and a sample of unused seeds to the extent possible from the complaint for establishing the sources of supply of seeds and shall investigate the causes of the failure of his crop by sending samples of the lot to the Seed Analyst for detailed analysis at the State Seed Testing Laboratory. He shall thereupon submit the report of his findings as soon as possible to the competent authority.
- (2) In case, the Seed Inspector comes to the conclusion that the failure of the crop is due to the quality of seeds supplied to the farmer being less than the minimum standards notified by the Central Government, he shall launch proceedings (Amendment No.7-15/74-SD, Dated 31 January, 1976) against the supplier for contravention of the provisions of the Act or these Rules". (Amendment No.7-15/74.SD, dated 29th April, 1975)
PART X - Sealing, fastening, dispatch and analysis of samples
24) Manner of taking samples :-
Samples of any seed of any notified kind of variety for the purpose of analysis shall be taken in a clean dry container which shall be closed sufficiently tight to prevent leakage and entrance of moisture and shall be carefully sealed.
25) Containers to be labeled and addressed: -
All containers containing samples for analysis shall be properly labeled and the parcels shall be properly addressed. The label on any sample of seed sent for analysis shall bear.
- a. serial number;
- b. name of the sender with official designation, if any;
- c. name of the person from whom the sample has been taken.
- d. Date and place of taking the sample;
- e. Kind or variety of the seed for analysis;
- f. Nature and quantity of preservative, if any, added to the sample.
26) Manner of packing, fastening and sealing the samples :-
All samples of seed sent for analysis shall be packed, fastened and sealed in the following manner.
- a. The stopper shall first be securely fastened to as to prevent leakage of the containers in transit;
- b. The container shall then be completely wrapped in fairly strong thick paper. The ends of the paper shall be neatly folded in and affixed by means of gum or other adhesive.
- c. The paper cover shall be further secured by means of strong twine or thread both above and across the container, and the twine or thread shall then be fastened on the paper cover by means of sealing wax on which there shall be test four distinct and clear impression of the seal of the sender of which one shall be at the top of the packet, one at the bottom and the other two on the body of the packet. The knots of the twine or thread shall be covered by means of sealing wax bearing the impression of the seal of the sender.
27) Form of order:-
The order to be given in writing by the Seed Inspector under clause (c ) of sub-section (1) of section 14 shall be Form III
28) Form of receipt of records:-
When a Seed Inspector seizes any record, register, document or any other material object under Clause (d) of Sub-section (1) of section 14, he shall issue a receipt in Form IV to the person concerned.
29) Samples how to sent to the Seed Analyst :- The container of sample for analysis shall be sent to the Seed Analyst by registered post or by hand in a sealed packet enclosed together with a memorandum in Form V in an outer cover addressed to the Seed Analyst.
30) Memorandum and impression of seal to be sent separately:-
A copy of the memorandum and a specimen impression of the seal used to seal the packet shall be sent to the Seed Analyst separately by registered post or delivered to him or to any person authorized by him.
31) Addition of preservatives to samples:-
Any person taking a sample of seed for the purpose of analysis under the Act may add a preservative as may be specified from time to time to the sample the nature and quantity of the preservative added shall be clearly noted on the label to be affixed to the container.
32) Nature and quantity of the preservative to be noted on the label: -
Whenever any preservative is added to a sample the nature and quantity of the preservative added shall be clearly noted on the label to be affixed to the container.
3) Analysis of the sample :-
On receipt of the packet, it shall be opened either by the Seed Analyst or by an officer authorized in writing in that behalf by the Seed Analyst, who shall record the condition of the seal on the packet. Analysis of the sample shall be carried out at the State Seed Laboratory in accordance with the procedure laid down by the Central Government.
34) Form of notice:-
The notice to be given under clause (a) of sub section (1) of section 15 to the person from whom the Seed Inspector intends to take sample shall be in Form VI.
35) Form of report :-
The report of the result of the analysis under subsection (1) or subsection (2) of section 16 shall be delivered or sent in Form VII.
The fees payable in respect of the report from the Central Seed Laboratory under sub-section (2) of the 16 shall be Rs.10/-per sample of the seed analyzed.
37) Retaining of the sample:-
The sample of any seed shall, under clause (c) of Sub-section (2) of section 15, be retained under a cool, dry environment to eliminate the loss of viability and in insect proof or rat proof containers. The containers shall be dusted with suitable insecticides and the storage room fumigated to avoid infestation of samples by insects. The samples shall be packed in good quality containers of uniform shape and size before storage.
PART XI - Miscellaneous
38) Records:- A person carrying on the business referred to in section 7 shall maintain the following records, namely :-
- a. stock record of seed;
- b. record of the sale of seeds;
39) Form of Memorandum: - The memorandum to be prepared under sub-section (4) of section 14 shall be in Form VIII.
Form of application for Seed Production under the Seed Certification Programmes
|1. Name ( in blocks letters)
|2. Complete Address:-
(In block Letters
|Village - .....................
Post office - ......................
District - .......................
State - .......................
Telegraph office - .....................
Nearest Railway Station -...........
|3. Nearest Town .......................
( In distance from your farm)
Highway Nor or route.................
|4. Name of variety / kind of seed offered for certification
|5. Area under each variety / kind offered for certification
|6. Class of seed desired to be produced Fountain /Registered/ Certified
|7. Sources of seed for Item (6) above (also mentioned. Tag No. and other particulars on the tag)
|8. ("Isolation distance" in meters) from other varieties of the same crop. North to south, East to West)
|9. Actual or proposed date of Planting
(To be filled in by the office of the Seed Certification Agency)
|Number of field Inspections made.
Dated of inspection (Copy of inspection reports to be attached)
|Report of Seed Analyst (copy to be Attached)
Date of Issue
Seed Certification Agency
Seed Certificate Agency.........
Tag No. ..........
Seed Certification Agency
Kind ............. Variety...........
Lot No .............
Germination ........% Not below %
Date of test .........
Certification valid up to.......
Minimum Pure seed %
Inert matter .......% not more than................. %
Weed Seeds (MAX)....................... %
Other crop seeds ........ Not more than ........%
Producer .............. (Name and full address)
Class of seed ...........
- 1. A white tag shall be used for foundation seed.
- 2. A purple tag shall be used for registered seed.
- 3. A blue tag shall be used for certified seed.
- Certification shall be valid for the period indicated on the tag provided seed is stored under cool and dry environment.
(Name and address of the vendor)
Whereas I have reason to believe that the stock of seeds in your possession detailed below contravenes the provisions of Section 6 of the Seeds Act, 1966 (No. 54 of 1966).
I hereby direct you under Clause (C) of Sub-section (1) of Section 14 of the Seeds Act, 1966 (No.54 of 1966) not to dispose of the said stock for a period of from this .......... Date and take action to remove following defects.
Place: - ...........
Date: - ..........
Details of stock of seeds
The Records detailed below have this day been seized by me under the provisions of clause (IV) of subsection (1) of section 14 of the seeds act 1966 (No. 54 of 1966) from the premises of ........................
situated at ...............
Details of Records Seized
Memorandum of Seed Analyst,
Serial No. of Memorandum
The Seed Analyst
*Strike out whichever is not applicable.
I hereby give you the notice of my intention of taking a sample of seed from your stock for the purposes of tests or analysis.
(Certificate of test and/or analysis by the Seed Analyst)
Certified that the sample(s) bearing number ...........purporting to be a sample of ........received on ........with Memorandum No. ............dated .......from .............. has / have been tested/analyzed and that the result/ results of such test (s) / analysis is/are as stated below.
2) The condition of the seals on the packets and the outer covering on receipt was as follows:-
If opinion is required on any other matter suitable paragraph (s) may be added.
I have this day taken from the premises of ................. situated at ...........samples of seeds specified below to have the same tested/analyzed by Seed Analyst.
Details of samples taken
Whether cost of sample demanded.
Cost of sample Rs. ...... paid
Signature of party from whose Premises samples taken and payment made. Joint Secretary to
( S. M. H. BURNEY )
The Government of India.